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Raleigh Associated Medical Specialists

Internal Medicine located in Raleigh, NC

More than 30 million Americans are living with diabetes or prediabetes. If you’re one of them, you can count on expert diabetes management services from the providers at Raleigh Associated Medical Specialists. If you live in or around Raleigh, North Carolina and need medical treatment to control your diabetes, call our office today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition where your body either doesn’t produce sufficient amounts of insulin or doesn’t use insulin correctly, which results in elevated glucose– or blood sugar– levels. Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas that helps your body convert glucose into energy.

There are different types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational.

Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent form of the disease. Also known as insulin resistance, Type 2 diabetes develops when your body doesn’t use insulin properly, which forces it to produce more insulin. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults, although it is becoming more common in children.

Type 1 diabetes, sometimes referred to as juvenile diabetes, is less common. This form of the disease occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin and is typically diagnosed in childhood.

Gestational diabetes sometimes develops in the second trimester of a woman’s pregnancy. In most cases, pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes can control their condition by reducing the sugar in their diet and taking a 15-minute walk after eating.

What causes diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an immune system malfunction that destroys the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. It has a strong hereditary factor — if a family member has Type 1 diabetes, your risk of developing the disease is much higher.

Type 2 diabetes also has a hereditary factor, however, your lifestyle is a strong indicator of whether you’re going to develop the condition. If you’re overweight, lead a sedentary lifestyle, and eat high-sugar and processed foods, your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases.

Gestational diabetes develops when the placenta produces a hormone that interferes with insulin use. The reason some women develop this condition still isn’t clear.

How is diabetes treated?

If you have diabetes, the providers at RAMS suggest lifestyle changes to your diet and exercise habits. Adding fresh vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins to your diet, while also cutting out sugars and simple carbohydrates, can help regulate your glucose levels. Similarly, a daily moderate physical activity can encourage your body to use insulin more efficiently. Changing your diet and exercise habits can also help you lose weight, which further improves the way your body uses insulin.

If you have Type 1 diabetes or if diet and exercise adjustments aren’t enough to regulate your blood sugar levels, the providers at RAMS can prescribe insulin to give your body what it needs to function correctly.

Call or schedule an appointment online today for expert advice and treatment for diabetes.